Taricha granulosa

Identification Tips:

Adults
• Unmistakable colouration: cholcolate brown back with bright orange belly
• Skin is rough. except in breeding males
• No webbing between toes
• 120-185 mm long

Conservation Status:

British ColumbiaCanadaNatureserve
COSEWICSpecies at Risk Act
Not at Risk (Yellow List)Not AssessedNoneG5, S4S5

Life History:

• Secrete a highly poisonous toxin from their skin when threatened
• Only predator is the Common Gartersnake which has evolved a resistance to the toxin
• Feed on a variety of invertebrates
• Breed in early spring in Fraser Valley, in fall or winter at higher elevations
• Courtship ritual is elaborate and may take several days to complete
• Single eggs are attached to vegetation or underside of rocks
• Larvae metamorphose in late summer in Fraser Valley
• Primarily terrestrial, but some populations retain larval gills and remain aquatic throughout their lives

Habitat:

• Most abundant in older mixed forests near permanent wetlands
• Occur from sea level to over 3000 m elevation
• Breed in shallow wetlands and slow moving streams

Range:

British Columbia
• Vancouver Island, Gulf Islands
• Entire Mainland coast north to Skeena River, extending far inland in major river valleys

Global
West of Coast and Cascade Mountains from Anchorage Alaska to San Fransisco, California
Isolated population in Idaho

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Primary Information Sources:
 Efauna BC: http://ibis.geog.ubc.ca/biodiversity/efauna/
 BC Conservation Data Centre: http://a100.gov.bc.ca/pub/eswp/