Pomoxis nigromaculatus

Identification Tips:

• Deep, laterally compressed body form
• Mouth pointed slightly upward.
• Body has pale background colour with irregular black splotches on flanks.
• Fins have light coloured mark on dark background.
• Dorsal fin: longer than head; 7 or 8 well-developed spines followed by soft rays.
• Anal fin: 6 spines followed by soft rays.
• May reach 25 cm length in Fraser Valley

Conservation Status:

British ColumbiaCanadaNatureserve
COSEWICSpecies at Risk Act
Introduced SpeciesNot AssessedNoneG5

Information Source: BC Conservation Data Centre: http://a100.gov.bc.ca/pub/eswp/

Life History:

• Forms schools.
• May live more than 7 years.
• Eat range of aquatic invertebrates. Larger individuals consume small fish, including salmon fry.
• Males construct saucer shaped nest in late spring or early summer in shallow water over sand or small gravel, usually near or among aquatic plants
• Males defend their nest newly hatched fry for several days.


• Found in lakes, ponds, sloughs, and backwaters and pools of streams, usually among vegetation and over mud or sand.
• Most common in clear water.


British Columbia
• Introduced species.
• Common in western Fraser Valley (rare east of Abbotsford)
• Also found in south Okanagan and south Kootenays.

•Native to eastern North America from Quebec to Manitoba and south to Florida and Texas.
•Widely introduced as a sports fish to western United States.

Primary Information Source:
McPhail, J.D. 2007. The Freshwater Fishes of British Columbia. University of Alberta Press. Edmonton, Alberta.

Black Crappie