Dobsonfly/Fishfly Larvae

SPECIES ID / Invertebrates

Insects

Dobsonfly/Fishfly Larvae

Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Megaloptera
Family: Corydalidae

Identification Tips:

• Large; 25-90 mm
• Long, slightly flattened body
• Large head with thick, toothed jaws projecting from head
• Head and thorax (leg area) are hardened, but abdomen is soft
• Thick, flexible, pointed gills protrude from most abdominal segments
• two small, unsegmented appendages with hooks protrude from end of abdomen

Life History:

Larvae are mobile predators; prey includes blackfly, midge, and caddisfly larvae
Many types occupy sheltered areas among cobble, boulder, or large wood debris in fast flowing areas of rivers
• Others are burrowers in sediments ponds, wetlands and large river habitats
• A few species are found in ponds, wetlands or seeps
• Obtains oxygen through filamentous gills protruding from most abdominal segments
• Some species tolerate low oxygen levels and warm water temperatures

POLLUTION TOLERANCE
Very Sensitive Somewhat Sensitive Facultative Somewhat Tolerant Very Tolerant
    Most Some Some

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Primary Information Source:
Voshell, J. Reese. 2002. A Guide to Common Freshwater Invertebrates of North America. McDonald and Woodward Publishing Company. Blacksburg, Virginia.